Sunday, 3 February 2013
This issue of The AAPF Argus focuses on the Facility’s mining governance program*, which operates within the context of the Australian Government’s Mining for Development (M4D) initiative. M4D aims to support the efforts of partner governments in Africa to build their capacity to manage their resource wealth in ways that promote equitable economic development.
Mining has been a driving force for industrial, economic and social development in Australia since the 1850s. The mining sector accounts for approximately eight per cent of the Australian economy, half of Australia's exports and the employment of approximately 320 000 Australians.
With well-managed exploitation of natural resources, including minerals, resource-rich African countries could attain broader economic and social development.
The Facility’s mining governance program focuses on public policy challenges related to the mining sector, particularly in terms of countries’ development priorities. Mining governance is taken as the range of public policies needed to help ensure the sustainable development impact of the exploitation of minerals. AAPF mining governance activities explore areas such as environmental management, social and community aspects of resource development, equitable benefit sharing and the use of mining revenue for economic diversification.
A significant part of the Facility’s program involves study tour and training activities. The study tours are mainly to Australia, while training activities generally take place in Africa. Since August 2011, more than 940 officials from 37 African countries and the African Union participated in AAPF mining governance study tours and other training activities.
The AAPF mining governance program also supports the placement of short-term advisers; short-term professional development programs by private sector bodies; partnerships and exchanges (including secondment programs); and grant funding to non-government organisations and other institutions. Ten such activities are underway and are listed below. Other activities are also in preparation.
* About half of the Facility’s activities are in the agriculture and food security or public policy sectors. We published special issues of The AAPF Argus on these sectors in August and September 2012, respectively.
AAPF mining governance activities:
- Achieving Transformational Development through Extractive Industries: Policy-setting Session at the 2013 African Mining Indaba (Multi-country; July 2012 – June 2013)
- Consultant Services to the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa for the Establishment of the African Mineral Development Centre (Multi-country; December 2012 – May 2013)
- Development and Dissemination of the Natural Resources Charter (Multi-country; May 2012 – September 2013)
- Establishment of a Natural Resource Tax Unit in the Liberian Revenue Department (May 2012 – July 2013)
- Mozambique Ministry of Mineral Resources (MIREM) Legal Support Institutional Strengthening Program (March 2012 - June 2013)
- Pilot Vocational Training and Secondment (Infrastructure Planning) Activity (Ghana, Namibia, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda and Zambia; May 2012 – October 2013)
- Strengthening Mineral Tax Administration in Africa (Cameroon, Namibia and Uganda; May 2012 – April 2013)
- Strengthening Mineral Tax Administration in Ghana (June 2012 – June 2013)
- Support for Preparation and Start-up of the World Bank Mineral Resources project in Mozambique (July 2011 – June 2013)
- Technical Assistance to the South Sudanese Ministry of Petroleum and Mining (May 2012 – April 2013)